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Fungal Infection: Diagnosis and Treatment

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Fungal Infection: Diagnosis and Treatment

Fungal infections range from mild to severe. Ever-present fungi in the environment are a common cause of severe infections that may affect the skin or internal organs. Skin infections are superficial or subcutaneous fungal infections, while internal infections are systemic fungal infections.

Symptoms of Fungal Infection

Depending on which part of the body is affected, the symptoms of a fungal infection include the following:

  • Hard, cracked, or brittle nails
  • Itchy or painful rash
  • Skin lumps
  • Ulcers in the mouth

Internal fungal infections may affect the brain, lungs, sinuses, or intestinal tract. When a fungal infection takes hold of internal organs, it may cause serious symptoms such as difficulty breathing, severe headaches, nausea and vomiting, congestion, and fever. A lung fungal infection causes a hacking cough, chest pain, chills, and night sweats.

fungal infection

Fungal Infection Causes

Anyone is at risk of being exposed to fungi. While healthy people may not have a single symptom, a person with a suppressed immune system may get seriously ill. It doesn’t mean that healthy people have immunity against fungi – when a fungus invades an environment, healthy people are also at risk of becoming ill.

The most common causes of mild fungal infections are walking barefoot in damp places like public showers and gyms or sharing personal items with an infected person.

Fungal Infection Diagnosis

To establish the presence of fungal infection, a doctor will need several samples to work with. These samples include:

  • Blood
  • Skin
  • Sputum
  • Urine
  • Nails

For systemic infections, doctors will take eye secretion samples and CNS fluid. They may also request X-rays and CT or MRI scans.

Fungal Infection Treatment

Prompt treatment is always advisable for fungal infection. Fungal infection treatment may include topical creams for the skin and oral medication for oral thrush.

Deep skin infections require antifungal agents. When an antifungal agent proves ineffective, surgical excision may be necessary.

Systemic fungal infections are also treated with antifungal medications to prevent them from spreading further inside the body.

When a person has an internal fungal infection, they will be treated in the hospital and may receive medication through an IV. A common complication of a systemic fungal infection is blood clots in the lungs, which often require surgical removal.

Preventing Fungal Infections

Wearing loose clothing and shoes that fit well is one of the best ways to prevent fungal infection. Other preventative measures include wearing shoes in public places and cutting toenails correctly.

Preventing systemic infections requires regular hand washing and checking for infection around catheters and IVs during an extended hospital stay. It is crucial to follow all measures to prevent systemic fungal infections. Doing this may help avoid invasive candidiasis, which can be fatal.

Baptist Emergency Room & Urgent Care

Visit Baptist Emergency Room & Urgent Care for Fungal Infection Treatment

Baptist Emergency Room & Urgent Care's emergency room is open 24/7, and urgent care is available from 7 a.m. to 8 p.m. every day. Appointments are unnecessary - walk in, and our healthcare professionals are ready to help at both of our locations.

Navarre - 8888 Navarre Pkwy., Navarre, FL 32566. Call the center at 850-750-5698.

Nine Mile - 9400 University Parkway Suite 101A Pensacola, FL 32514. Call the center at 448-227-4600.

Baptist Emergency Room & Urgent Care is comprised of board-certified ER-trained physicians and professionally trained ER nurses who deliver quality medical care. Our urgent care and emergency room can effectively treat various medical conditions. From fever to fractures, allergies to abdominal pain, and colds to concussions, we have you covered with on-site labs, CT, X-rays, and ultrasound.